Charles, americans dennis stanford and bruce bradley are the chief proponents of the solutrean theory for the origins of clovis their book on the subject is much anticipated and will be available very soon. Start studying theories exam 2 learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools search dennis stanford/bruce bradley clovis first a theory that the first people to inhabit north america was the clovis culture, and they came via the beringia land bridge. The solutrean hypothesis for the origin of the clovis archaeological culture contends that people came from south-western europe to north america during the last glacial maximum this hypothesis has received numerous critiques, but little objective testing, either of cultural or genetic evidence. In across atlantic ice authors dennis j stanford and bruce a bradley fill you in on a different hypothesis on how and when the first americans may have gotten here is it possible that ice age mariners had migrated west, along the edge of the ice floe, from somewhere in europe, more specifically, the iberian peninsula.
Stanford and bradley argue supports the hypothesis that the solutrean is ancestral to clovis this trait is overshot ﬂaking, in which ﬂakes are struck from prepared edges of a biface and travel from one edge across the face and remove a portion of the opposite margin. Solutrean hypothesis: genetics, the mammoth in the room stephen oppenheimer, bruce bradley and dennis stanford abstract the solutrean hypothesis for the origin of the clovis archaeological culture contends that people came. Archaeological literature, bruce bradley and dennis stanford (2004 stanford and bradley 2002) have resurrected and elaborated upon the idea of a solutrean-clovis connection their claims have been examined and criticized in varying degrees by several authors, each.
By bruce bradley, dennis stanford, and stephen oppenheimer the solutrean hypothesis for the origin of the clovis archaeological culture contends that people came from south-western europe to north america during the last glacial maximum. Many, like dennis stanford and bruce bradley , have even attempted to duplicate the production of stone points from sites around the globe finding the right type of stone is critical flint, quartz and jasper were prized for their strength and flaking abilities. Stanford and bradley's 2012 book across atlantic ice: the origin of america's clovis culture expands upon and revises earlier formulations of the solutrean hypothesis the book received significant media attention, but evaluations of the evidence by professional archaeologists find the book unconvincing. The authors, dennis stanford and bruce bradley, argue that solutrean groups from southern france and the iberian peninsula used watercraft to make their way across the north atlantic and into north america during the last glacial maximum (lgm. According to dr bruce bradley, the cactus hill flint was a technological midpoint between the french solutrean style and the clovis points dating five millennia later  the major criticism to this hypothesis is that there is simply not enough evidence to support it.
Subsequently, stanford and bradley revised their hypothesis in an effort to deal with the chronological gap (stanford & bradley 2002 bradley & stanford 2004) instead of highlighting similarities between the solutrean and clovis, they pointed out supposed similarities among solutrean, pre-clovis, and clovis tool types and production techniques. Its key proponents include dennis stanford, of the smithsonian institution, and bruce bradley, of the university of exeter in this hypothesis, people associated with the solutrean culture migrated from ice age europe to north america, bringing their methods of making stone tools with them and providing the basis for later clovis technology. Bruce bradley and dennis stanford, proponents of the solutrean hypothesis, base it on the claim that the north american clovis stone spear points are the technological descendants of a subset of those made by the upper paleolithic southwestern european solutrean peoples specifically they cite fact that both are made by a technique known as. Now archaeologists dennis stanford and bruce bradley have radically recast the story drawing on climatic, genetic and archaeological evidence, they argue that the roots of clovis culture rest in the solutrean people of spain and france, who sent some of their number across the atlantic in boats 18,000 years ago.
Dennis stanford and bruce bradley have proposed that people making solutrean points used boats to move along the edge of the ice sheet during the last glacial maximum, hunting marine mammals and paddling westward until reaching the north american continent. However, in recent years two anthropologists, bruce bradley and dennis stanford, have postulated that trans-atlantic colonization of the americas actually occurred their argument is that the bering sea model of migration was not based on hard archaeological evidence, but instead on supposition. Across atlantic ice: the origin of america's clovis culture (stanford & bradley 2012) is the latest iteration of a controversial proposal that north america was first colonised by people from. However, a 1998 hypothesis by dennis stanford (smithsonian) and bruce bradley (university of exeter) proposed a different theory as to the origins of the first native americans stanford and bradley believe that a group known as the solutreans were the first settlers of the north american continent.
The solutrean hypothesis about the settlement of the americas claims that people from europe may have been among the earliest settlers of the americas its notable recent proponents include dennis stanford of the smithsonian institution and bruce bradley of the university of exeter. Archaeologists dennis stanford and bruce bradley suggest that the clovis point derived from the points of the solutrean culture of southern france (19,000bp) through the cactus hill points of. Solutrean hypothesis: genetics, the mammoth in the room stephen oppenheimer university of oxford institute of social and cultural anthropology school of anthropology and museum ethnography 51/53 banbury road oxford ox2 6pe uk bruce bradley university of exeter department of archaeology laver building exeter ex1 1te uk dennis stanford smithsonian institution museum of natural history department.
One key component of stanford and bradley’s arguments is that the technological similarities they see between (some) clovis and solutrean artifacts are too complex to have been invented independently. Advocated by two well institutionalized archaeologists, dennis stanford and bruce bradley, it shares the belief in the recent (either clovis-first-recent or just-a-few-thousand-years-pre-clovis-recent) extra-american origin of new world populations with its intellectual adversary, the mainstream bering strait tradition. The solutrean hypothesis about the settlement of the americas claims that people from europe may have been among the earliest settlers of the americas  its notable recent proponents include dennis stanford of the smithsonian institution and bruce bradley of the university of exeter this. The cinmar biface has assumed a prominent place in the debate about the solutrean hypothesis (the idea that upper paleolithic peoples from western europe colonized eastern north america sometime between about 21,000 to 17,000 years ago), even gracing the cover of the 2013 book about the idea by dennis stanford and bruce bradley, its two main.