Electoral college, the system by which the president and vice president of the united states are chosen it was devised by the framers of the united states constitution to provide a method of election that was feasible, desirable, and consistent with a republican form of governmentfor the results of us presidential elections, see the table history and operation. In 2016, there are 538 electoral votes, meaning a presidential candidate needs 270 to win in all but two states, whoever wins a majority of the popular vote takes all of the electoral votes. The plan is called the electoral college pact already ten states plus the district of columbia have enacted legislation to accomplish this the plan automatically takes effect when states that together represent 270 electoral votes sign on. In the electoral college system, the states serve as the centurial groups (though they are not, of course, based on wealth), and the number of votes per state is determined by the size of each state's congressional delegation.
One founding-era argument for the electoral college stemmed from the fact that ordinary americans across a vast continent would lack sufficient information to choose directly and intelligently. The fec has no jurisdiction over the electoral college the national archives and records administration (nara) is the federal agency responsible for coordinating activities of states and congress regarding the electoral college vote for president. The structure of the electoral college can be traced to the centurial assembly system of the roman republic under that system, the adult male citizens of rome were divided, according to their wealth, into groups of 100 (called centuries.
For some of us, the electoral college process (and its outcome) may seem a bit shocking in the 2000 us presidential election, for example, more americans voted for gore, but bush actually won the presidency because he was awarded the majority of electoral college votes. Tadahisa kuroda, the origins of the twelfth amendment: the electoral college in the early republic, 1787-1804, at 83-98 (1994) (describing various efforts by state legislatures to manipulate the outcome of the 1800 election. Electoral college, in us government, the body of electors that chooses the president and vice president the constitution, in article 2, section 1, provides: each state shall appoint, in such manner as the legislature thereof may direct, a number of electors, equal to the whole number of senators and representatives to which the state may be entitled in the congress. The history of the electoral college the method that the united states uses to elect its president was the result of an intense round of university of the pacific - electoral college reform 6/21/12 11:11 am.
The green papers staff this essay will be an attempt to- in chronological sequence of the various developments in the history of the electoral college- attempt to answer at least some of this one must be cautious in accepting madison's interpretation of the origins of the concept:. - history of the electoral college the electoral college is the name for the electors who nominally choose the president and vice president of the united states each of the states receives a certain number of electors, which is determined by the total number of senators and representatives it sends to the us congress. Electoral college essay examples 79 total results the long and complicated procedure of presidential election 849 words 2 pages an introduction to the electoral college the statutory system in the united states 1,393 words an introduction to the origins and history of the electoral college 374 words.
Chapter i the origins and meaning of the electoral college gary l gregg ii its critics and supporters both have it rightthe electoral college does not work as it was intended to work by the framers of our constitution. The electoral college overview in this lesson, students will examine the purpose, function, origin, and historical development of the electoral. The democrats have been particularly hurt by the existence of the electoral college in recent history, losing the election of 2000 to george w bush and now the 2016 election to trump, even while. American citizens don’t directly vote for president, they vote for electors, and then the electors vote for president this video explains why the electoral college system was created by. In this course, citizen genius lays out the history of the electoral college system, explaining how it works, the reason behind the compromise that created it, as well as the 12th amendment that altered how it works.
The united states electoral college is a body of electors established by the united states constitution, constituted every four years for the sole purpose of electing the president and vice president of the united statesthe college consists of 538 electors, and an absolute majority of 270 electoral votes is required to win election pursuant to article ii, section 1, clause 2, the legislature. The proslavery origins of the electoral college paul finkelman introduction electoral college, it is necessary to first consider the more common history the argument was that the framers of the constitution were. Origins: current events in historical perspective in each issue of origins, an academic expert will analyze a particular current issue – political, cultural, or social – in a larger, deeper context in addition to the analysis provided by each month’s feature, origins will also include images, maps, graphs and other material to complement the essay. The electoral college was an important part of their attempt to limit the influence of democracy on american government the evolution of the electoral college is, in one sense, only a small part of the story of the transformation of the fundamental principle of american government from liberty to democracy.
There have been several attempts to abolish the electoral college in the 2000 presidential election, the candidate with the plurality of popular votes lost the electoral vote, a situation that also occurred in the 1876 and 1888 elections. The origin of the electoral college with citizen genius citizen genius breaks the compromise that led to the electoral college into easily understood concepts, explaining how the final system was reached. Google this year, for the fourth time in history—and second time in recent history– a presidential candidate won the popular vote but lost the electoral college and, therefore, lost the election. The electoral college is a process, not a place the founding fathers established it in the constitution as a compromise between election of the president by a vote in congress and election of the president by a popular vote of qualified citizens the electoral college process consists of the selection of the electors, the meeting of the electors where they vote for president and vice.
The electoral college, which is a unique system of electing american presidents, has in its two-century history, been trailed by anger, excitement, criticisms and misconception. “at the federal level, this problem could be greatly alleviated by abolishing the electoral college system it's the winner-take-all mathematics from state to state that delivers so much power to a relative handful of voters. Origins of the electoral college the electoral college was conceived along with the founding principles of united states governance in 1787 with the drafting of the us constitution drafters of the now infamous document were concerned with how us citizens would vote for presidential candidates.